Polska: w stronę ekologicznej energii

Zbudowanie zrównoważonego systemu energetycznego jest jednym z najważniejszych zadań stojących przed ludzkością. Obecnie szeroko wykorzystuje się nieodnawialne źródła energii, które w pewnym momencie się skończą. Polska, podobnie jak większość wysoko rozwiniętych krajów, zmierza w odpowiednim kierunku, coraz częściej stawiając na ekologiczne rozwiązania. W naszym kraju nadal jednak korzysta się głównie z nieekologicznego i nieodnawialnego węgla kamiennego i brunatnego.

Coraz większe inwestycje w energię odnawialną

Polska w 2014 roku pozyskała 11,4% energii ze źródeł odnawialnych. Z roku na rok nasz kraj produkuje coraz więcej zielonej energii, co pozwala wierzyć, że do 2020 roku uda się osiągnąć zakładane przez Unię Europejską 15%. To, co prawda, wciąż mniej niż przodująca w UE Szwecja, w której źródła odnawialne stanowią ponad 50% zużywanej energii, ale więcej niż choćby Holandia, Irlandia, Wielka Brytania czy Belgia. W tych krajach procentowy udział energii odnawialnej jednak wyraźnie rośnie i jeśli Polska wyraźnie nie zainwestuje w ekologiczne rozwiązania, zostaniemy prześcignięci przez kilka krajów, spadając w tej statystyce na jedno z ostatnich miejsc. Przez kilka lat procentowy udział odnawialnej energii rośnie średnio o 1%, a celem Unii Europejskiej jako całości jest osiągnięcie 20% udziału. Nie można jednak narzekać, gdyż postęp wykonany przez Polskę na tym polu na przestrzeni ostatnich kilku lat był naprawdę spory. W wielu miejscach w naszym kraju można zauważyć elektrownie wiatrowe. To pozwala wierzyć, że uda się przełamać monopol węgla w naszym kraju. Trzeba pamiętać także o tym, że inwestycje w pozyskiwanie energii odnawialnej sporo kosztuje. Pieniądze te warto jednak inwestować nie tylko ze względu na ekologię. Energia odnawialna nie zużywa zasobów, więc gdy już koszt budowy zwróci się, eksploatacja staje się niezwykle tania.

Wszyscy możemy przyczynić się do ograniczenia emisji zanieczyszczeń

Każdy z nas może przyczynić się obniżenia zapotrzebowania energetycznego. Choć za zużycie energii w znacznym stopniu odpowiada przemysł, to wszyscy możemy postarać się zużywać mniej prądu. Gdy posiada się dom, dobrym rozwiązaniem jest inwestycja w odnawialne źródła energii, na które można otrzymać dotację. Patrząc na problemy ze smogiem w Polsce, rozważyć można także wymianę starego pieca, co może przyczynić się do ograniczenia emisji zanieczyszczeń. Warto zakupić lampy LED ze względu na ich energooszczędność. Jeśli posiada się odpowiednią taryfę, korzystne może okazać się odpowiedne planowanie zużywania prądu – w przypadku tańszej taryfy nocnej opłaca się prać w pralce po zmroku. Przy zakupie sprzętu warto zaś zwrócić uwagę na jego klasę energetyczną.

Optymistyczne prognozy na przyszłość

Temat odnawialnej energii od kilku lat coraz częściej przewija się w mediach. Dzięki temu zwiększa się nacisk na władze, by te zainwestowały w zieloną energię. W Polsce obecnie ponad 80% zużywanej energii pochodzi z węgla, ale sukcesywnie zwiększa się udział odnawialnych źródeł. Wyznaczane przez Unię Europejską cele sprawiają, że w ciągu kilkudziesięciu lat monopol węgla w Polsce zostanie przełamany. Procentowy udział zielonej energii zarówno w naszym kraju, jak i w całej Europie rośnie. Dzięki temu środowisko na naszym kontynencie powinno być w coraz lepszym stanie.

12 thoughts on “Polska: w stronę ekologicznej energii

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